Friday, 23 March 2018

Warts: An Overview

Warts are essentially skin infections by HPV (human papillomavirus), an extremely common viral infection. These warts cultivate on the sole of the foot or at the plantar surface. They tend to produce symptoms in friction and pressure areas. Virus that creates warts, HPV, infects just the surface of the skin, causing a thick growth that can get extremely tender if located in the pressure prone areas.

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The many causes and risks of plantar warts:

The HPV virus gets access to the skin by direct contact. It is assumed by the doctors that the skin’s inoculation occurs in areas that are likely to be polluted by others who have plantar warts such as, communal showers. After being infected by HPV, instant resolution depends on the growth of immune lymphocytes which helps to destroy the cells that are virus-infected.

Plantar warts can be seen in almost all age groups. However, they are very common among twelve to sixteen year olds.

Some of the risk factors include:

1.     Using public showers,
2.     Declining immune system due to the use of certain medications,
3.     Skin trauma, and the like.

What are the signs and symptoms of planter warts?

1.     Pain in the foot which is localized to a specific area of the sole
2.     Firm, rough and spongy lesions with small pinpoint dark spots within the wart’s body. These spots are thrombosis, minute capillaries within the deeper skin layers.
3.     Smooth skin surface with a brown or gray-yellow color.
4.     Normally on bony points or areas of pressure and flat due to pressure.

When is it important to seek treatment for Plantar Warts?

It is important to call a doctor if home therapy does not work.

Calluses and corns that look like warts normally develop extremely gradually over years. It is always a good idea to consult a physician if you are unable to distinguish a callus or corn from a plantar wart.

Most of such growths are not hazardous, but there are some that may cause problems. You must seek medical attention when,

1.     You or your children suffer from warts and wish to get them removed;
2.     Severe redness, pain, swelling, large big lesions develop;
3.     Warts do not completely disappear even after treatment; or
4.     Other similar warts emerge after treatment.

While planter warts can rarely be called an emergency; however, the problems of aggressive therapy can be severe pain, bleeding, inability to walk, swelling, redness, formation of boil or abscess, streaking, which all may point to an emergency.

Since warts normally diminish on their own and usually leave without scars, treatment should be conservative, with extreme approaches reserved only if everything else fails. It is also best to see a reputed podiatrist for treatment.

Tuesday, 23 January 2018

How to refresh your feet after a party?

Your feet undergo a lot of wear and tear during the holidays. You have to stretch them, bend them, jump and turn on them, at times for hours. And after a long dance night, those feet end up a little stinky, too. Make sure you take good care by using these tips. After all, you need them in their best shape this holiday season!

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Epsom salts and Warm Water Soak

After a tiring day, soothe your feet with a soak in the warm water. Add a bit of Epsom salt to reduce any inflammation. Epsom salts tend to neutralize foot odor, smooth skin, and ease muscle cramps. Try using salts induced with lavender for aromatherapy.

Essential Oil Spray

It is a good idea to give your feet some mist by using the essential oil spray. There are numerous health and body stores that keep this spray, or you can also purchase essential oils to create a spray on your own. A mix of tea tree oil and peppermint diluted with water can work wonders to perk up those aching feet. You can also try a mix of lavender and water for a more calming experience.


It is always a good idea to treat yourself to a foot massage done by a professional, but if you are tight on funds, you can always do a massage yourself! Here are a few steps:

  1.   While comfortably sitting on the floor, cross your ankle over your opposite knee so that you can reach your foot easily with both hands.

  2.   Start from the foot’s ball, kneading your thumbs in slow circles away from one other.

  3.   Keep working on the entire foot like this 

  4.   Give your Achilles tendon and heel a soft rub with the thumb.

Taking your legs up the wall

After a long night socializing, take a few moments when you reach home to elevate your feet. This is a good practice for enhancing blood circulation and decreasing inflammation in painful feet, and it also reduces your blood pressure. Lay next to a wall on the floor and extend your legs above you so that your heels are resting against the wall. For extra comfort, you can take soft padding under your pelvis.

Ice Bath

A short ice bath is another way through which you can recover. By making use of a small portable tub that contains cool water and some ice cubes, insert one foot in the bath for approximately five minutes before you switch to the other foot.

While it’s always tempting to attend every single party, it is best to take a rest every now and then to relax your tired feet. Listen to music, watch a Christmas movie, and bring in you’re a game at the best party! 

Friday, 22 December 2017

Do You Have Flat Feet?

The adult human foot has a natural arch on the inner side in the middle. When the foot is placed on the floor the part of the foot on the curve will not touch the floor. The arch is caused by the tendons that attach the foot and heel bones. The arch adds to the flexibility of the foot. When the arch or curve is not present or is very slight, a person is said to have flat feet or fallen arches.

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Check if you have Flat Feet?

There is a simple way to check if your feet are flat:

   ·        Get the soles of your feet completely wet

   ·        With the soles wet, stand on a flat surface where the print made by the wet feet will be easily visible. 

    ·        If the footprints show the complete sole of the feet with no dry area where the arch should be keeping that part of the foot above the floor, you probably have flat feet. 

If you think you have flat feet or are not sure about it, consult a foot and ankle specialist to have the condition evaluated and treated, if required.

The Causes

There are a number of possible reasons why you may have flat feet. These include:

     ·        An abnormality that has been present since birth. 

     ·        An abnormality that has been present since birth. 

     ·        The posterior tibial tendon which connects from the lower leg may be 

inflamed or damaged.

     ·        Broken or improperly healed bones in the feet or dislocated bones.

     ·        A condition affecting the nerves located in the feet,

     ·        Other health conditions like rheumatoid arthritis.

     ·        Obesity.

     ·        Pregnancy.

     ·        Diabetes.

     ·        Aging.

The Symptoms

Fallen arches often create no problems and require no treatment. In many cases, people go through their lives not knowing that they have flat feet. However, in some cases the following symptoms may manifest themselves:

     ·        Feet that become tired quickly even when the stress on them has been minimal.

      ·        Painful feet with the pain typically focused on the arches and heels

     ·        Swelling of the inside bottom of the feet.

     ·        Some movements, such as standing on the toes, becomes difficult and/or painful.

     ·        Recurring pain in the back or legs.

The Treatment

Flat feet often require no treatment and a person with fallen arches is able to live a completely normal life without the condition affecting him or her in any way. However, if the condition is causing problems that affect a person’s mobility, then a doctor will recommend a course of treatment. This could be:

    ·        Wearing special shoes or orthotic devices.

    ·        Stretching exercises.
    ·        Physical therapy.
    ·        Medication to relieve pain and inflammation.

    ·        A combination of any or all of the above.

    ·        In the most severe cases, the doctor may recommend surgery to correct the arch. There are a number of possible procedures and the doctor will decide what is best for the condition.

If you do have flat feet, there is no cause for concern. It is a very common problem and very rarely has any effect on a person’s mobility or quality of life. All the same, you should consult a foot specialist to ensure that other complications do not develop and that you are able to remain active and healthy with no complications.

Friday, 24 November 2017

Common foot problems faced by flat footed people

While there are thousands of people who suffer from flat feet, it is believed that flat foot surfaces are abnormal and it is safe to assume that people suffering from them experience different kinds of foot problems (athlete's foot, toe nail fungus, plantar warts, and the like). This blog will help throw some light on all the problems that flat footed individuals experience.


          1.Heel pain

The most common foot problem experienced is pain in the foot heel. The main reason for this is the flatness of the feet, the foot’s bottom also called the plantar fascia is completely stretched out each time the person walks. The negative effect of this problem is that in comparison to other problems of the feet (athlete's foot, toe nail fungus, plantar warts) it is experienced every day, which makes the patient immune to the pain. With the pain extending for too long, the patient undergoes arch fatigue making it very difficult to stand for longer periods of time. It is very important to choose the right shoes suited for flat footed people.


The second issue on the list of foot problems is Bunions and they occur when some form of irregularity has developed within the big toes joint. While there are a lot of people who are born with Bunions, many develop this problem if they have flat feet. Bunions do become a problem since those who have them develop bumps at the sides of their feet. These bumps often rub against the footwear that they are wearing. With time, these bunions can get inflamed and even if the patient decides to wear larger shoes, the bunions will still be irritated.

3.Ankle pain

The last issue on the list of problems commonly experienced by people with flat feet is experiencing pain in the ankles. In case of people who have flat feet, it becomes very painful when the outer side of their foot gets too close to the outside of the ankle. The tough thing about such problems is that the signs are too small and extremely hard to identify.

With the understanding that these foot problems commonly erupt in people who have flat feet will help in managing them better.  It is a good idea to see a podiatrist as soon as you feel any sort of pain within your feet. You can only know what to do with the pain when you see an expert who is experienced and skilled to understand it. It is important not to ignore your foot related problems particularly if you suffer from flat feet. Make sure you see a podiatrist regularly and listen to the advice they give you. This is your best shot at keeping foot pain at bay.   

Wednesday, 25 October 2017

Symptoms of Toe Arthritis

The main cause of toe arthritis is inflamed toe joint. The problem most often assaults the big toe, but it may also affect the others. Past traumas or injuries, such as a sprained or broken toe, can lead to arthritis - rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, and gout could also be a cause. Some of the risk factors include being overweight, age, and a history in the family. Also, women who wear high-heeled, tight shoes for too long may be at a risk of getting toe arthritis.



The most noticeable sign of arthritis is pain. You may experience pain in all your toes or just the big toe. Patients normally describe it as fluctuating from an achy, deep feeling to a stabbing, sharp sensation when they try and move the toe. The sensation could be minor, moderate, or extreme depending on the deterioration level or the intensity of inflammation.

Pain is a very debilitating and common symptoms of arthritis.


Over a period of time, arthritis starts to wear away a cartilage in-between joints and injures synovial fluid. Such changes can create stiffness in joints and make it difficult for you to move. With less support and cushioning, it becomes difficult for the joints to bend and stretch. This may lead to difficulty in walking, as our toes have a huge role to play in balancing and pushing the foot away from the ground. It may also hurt when walking.


All kinds of arthritis lead to inflammation within the joints, resulting in visible swelling. The toes will start to feel warm and red. You will feel this especially if you have been sitting there for some time, or after getting out of bed. Swelling may also make it hard for you to wear your shoes. The footwear may feel constricted until you walk around for some time and the swelling reduces.

Popping and clicking sounds

You may begin to hear similar sounds as you hear when you crack your knuckles. Grinding noises are one of the most common symptom of toe arthritis. These sounds are a consequence of cartilage deterioration that normally cushions two bones within a joint. With the wearing away of the cartilage, bones start to rub against each other, causing sounds. Bone spurs may also cause cracks and clicks.

Change in look

Is your toe beginning to move away from the foot? Such occurrences can be a sign of toe arthritis. With the wearing away of the cartilage and the bone grinding against one another, the body tries to make things better by creating more bone.

While this may steady the joint, it may also make it seem larger, or like it has a big bump on it.

Those suffering from arthritis in the toe are especially vulnerable to immobility. It is good to check with a podiatrist right away if you are going through any of the signs of toe arthritis. There are orthotics, treatments, and physical therapy that can all help you stay active and feel better.

Monday, 25 September 2017

How to take care of your feet if you are a runner?

Our feet have to endure so much beating from running, particularly if we run high mileage or train for a marathon. Every step pushes all our body weight onto a single foot. The truth is, a commitment to running should not be a commitment towards battered and painful feet. In fact, you can easily enhance your performance and enjoy running more by taking good care of your feet. Here are a few tips that will help you take care of your feet.

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Always wear the right shoes:

While as a runner you already know the importance of wearing the right shoes, with the popularity of specialty running stores, most runners now have access to gait analysis and advice about the right way to pick proper running shoe. It is important that the kicks provide enough room so that all toenails are properly spaced and the appropriate amount of stability for smoothing out any issues with your stride.

Also, the shoes we wear the whole day matter just as much as the ones we put on while running. Footwear such as, flip flops that don’t offer arch support can only make it worse for our feet. In case you are prone to injuries related to the foot, unsupported footwear can only lead to injury.

Invest In Best Quality Socks

Non-wicking and ill-fitting socks can lead to blisters. Poor fitting socks will cause your shoes to brush against the ankles and the blisters can make running difficult due to pain. Socks that are non-wicking will not let your feet breathe, consequentially creating a wet environment leading to foot fungus and athlete’s foot.

Go Barefoot:

This does not mean running barefoot. However, Pilates, yoga and weight lifting can strengthen foot muscles if you keep the restrictive footwear away. When lifting weights, you would want to keep your shoes due to hygiene, so decide to wear lightweight shoes that permit your feet to move freely and with stability. This will assist you in engaging the muscles within your ankles, feet, and calves. Also, do a lot of squats and lunges to create powerful, strong, injury-proof feet.

Pilates and yoga can strengthen and stretch the feet, particularly if you do the poses barefoot or by wearing socks. When holding a tough yoga pose, the muscles of your feet stabilize and contract to provide a solid base.

Reduce Swelling

If you pound your feet for several miles against the pavement, you will end up altering your circulation and cause swelling in your feet and ankles. This swelling may get uncomfortable, particularly if you spend the whole day on your feet. To lessen swelling, lie down and elevate your feet immediately above the heart.

With just a little effort you can keep your feet looking and feeling wonderful. Running will no longer lead to injuries or feet that look deformed.  

Monday, 28 August 2017

Six reasons why your feet are peeling?

Your feet are out of the hiding and you can finally let them bask in those flip flops to welcome the glory of summers. But the winters may have left your skin dry and peeling. Peeling feet is a common problem with several reasons. We are constantly on our feet and the continuous walking and pounding can cause scaling and cracking of the skin.
However, there could be much more to it. Here are a few reasons why your feet may be peeling.

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  1. Fungal infection:
Fungal infection is one of the most common reasons why people have peeling feet but people might not realize it. Many times it just looks like peeling skin with no itchiness. So if you ever observe that your foot skin has started peeling away mysteriously, get the problem checked sooner instead of later. Fungal infection can spread if not checked.

  1. Sweaty exercise regimen
Perspiring excessively and living in moist environments often leads to foot infections that cause peeling. This may mean that your exercise regimen, particularly if there is hot yoga involved, can contribute to skin peeling. It is best to see a podiatrist if you think you have it.

  1. Heels:
A lot of women love to wear heels or flats that are strappy. However, snug footwear can lead to serious friction which in turn can cause blisters, resulting in peeling or scaling of the skin. It is recommended to not wear such shoes for longer periods of time, instead wear material that molds to your feet. Moreover, as soon as you start to feel friction, make sure to change your shoes. Do not bare it for too long.

  1. Sunburns:
No one wants to get a painful-to-touch, beet-red sunburn. However, while you may not forget putting sunscreen on your back, face, and shoulders, the feet tend to get ignored. So in case you end up dipping your feet in the sea, reapply the sunscreen. Sunburns cause peeling. Do not let your feet get damaged due to dangerous ultra violet rays!

  1. Eczema:
Eczema is a common condition that causes scaling of the skin. It may create itching, peeling, and dryness on the body—including the foot soles. Even though a lot of people experience eczema from childhood, they can also develop skin conditions as they age. Fortunately, there are several topical cures available through dermatologists and podiatrists.

  1. Dehydration:
Dehydration can decrease metabolism, and dullness and cause the feet to start peeling. In case you are not hydrated, your skin will begin to flake off. Remember to drink a lot of water at all times.

While there are certain eyebrow-raising reasons why your feet may be peeling, this may not always be a very bad thing. Sometimes your body has to slough off skin. You can use a pumice stone and rub your legs and feet while taking a shower and get dead skin cells away so that it starts to regenerate new foot skin